free essay on Confucianism, Daoism & Legalism
Free Papers and Essays on Confucianism And Chuang-Tzu
On the other hand, the authors of the chapters on the modern, secular traditions of liberalism, critical theory, and feminism are not without challenges in trying to formulate their traditions in ways that take account of early twenty-first-century modernity. In general, they stress the need for individual autonomy more than the religious traditions, but at the dawn of the new millennium they have to contend with a world dominated by huge multinational organizations. The apparent pluralism promised in such a world often seems superficial--a "Benneton pluralism," as one of our authors puts it.31 As is apparent in the essays in this book, modern, secular ethical theories, which stress the autonomy of the empowered individual, have to struggle with basic definitions of fundamental concepts like "individual autonomy" and "empowerment," and they have to be critically sensitive to the possibility of ethnocentrism within their traditions. All of our authors therefore struggle to maintain a balance between what Lee Yearley, in his commentary on Joseph Chan's essay on Confucianism, calls "elaboration" and "emendation." The former tries to use the best historical and textual scholarship to understand the foundational documents of a tradition, the latter tries to reformulate the ideas to answer new questions. Part of the debate during the Ethikon conference concerned the extent to which the authors could remain faithful to their traditions while emending them sufficiently to respond to the pressing public questions of today.
essay on Confucianism, Daoism & Legalism
(Notwithstanding that as a college freshman almost 40 years ago I took a lecture survey course on China (with J.K. Fairbank and B. Schwartz); if I had to write an essay on Confucianism right now, I doubt I could pass to save my life; whatever I wrote would be mostly gibberish.)