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The researcher would argue that those who use essay banks intend to cheat, and are going to cheat, as a deliberate exercise. An example of the attitude of it is argued this type of student is recorded by Carroll and Appleton (2001). This student was responding on an Internet notice board, to the closure of a particular 'cheat site'. The student signed him/her self as Morphius and stated:
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Three experiences of cheating and plagiarism over twenty years at twodifferent universities in two different countries--the statisticians wouldprobably say that's not bad. These exceptions reinforce why teaching isimportant to me, but they have changed my approach to it. I now know thereare two hundred "cheat sites" out there offering everything fromessays on line to custom work. For a price, the dishonest student can getthat term paper written on special order. This is a far cry from those cribsheets in the Italian exam, or "essay banks" in fraternity houses.I don't look for cheaters, but I tell my classes now that I have zero tolerancefor it in every form. I spend more time explaining why footnotes and bibliographiesare important in academic work. My essay questions now focus on specificparts of the text. I use comparative formats that are harder to copy. Iworry about an undergraduate culture, self and other imposed, that takesthese fours years, which should be filled with discovery, and turns theminto the prerequisite for graduate and professional schools.
Paper mills or essay banks are not new, they have been in existence since the 1880’s with mail order services. However with the development of electronic publishing and online payment these services have grown, particularly in the United States. Such businesses employ university students, graduates and professional writers to ghost write essays and sell them by advertising via the internet. Essay banks and paper mills have defended their business by claiming that their pre-written products are simply guidelines that the students can use as a model. Other companies claim that they are legitimate services providing sources that students can quote in their own work. The paper mills or essay banks do not contravene copyright law as they are the legal holders of the papers licensed to those who access their services for limited use. However they may hold a student legally responsible if they redistribute the essay to another student without permission.Essay banks or paper mills have received a high degree of criticism from Universities because they devalue the process of learning and undermine the value in gaining a qualification that reflects a level of academic ability. In the future should a student who used these services be required to demonstrate their own knowledge, they may find their position under scrutiny. The second major type of deliberate plagiarism comes from the cutting and pasting of information on Internet sites and placing it without attribution into the student's work. This practice is simple to do, for anyone with a basic knowledge of IT (the author has successfully tried it), and can be highly effective, if the student then links different parts together, using link sentences of their own devising. Unlike essay banks, pieces can be fitted together, to answer any relevant essay question. There is it is argued nothing wrong with using internet sits, if they are properly referenced, but often the student simply uses large chunks of web text, linked together with link sentences deliberately, as opposed to simply negligently, through poor referencing.